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* DGG(Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft)
- 5 & 6-digits catalogue and jackets ; Introduction


Index of numbers & jackets

10" 16 001~050 051~100 101~150 151~200 201~250 251~300 301~350 351~400 401~450  
17 001~050 051~100 101~150 151~200            
133(17) 001~050 051~100 101~150 151~200 201~250 251~300        
12" 18 001~050 051~100 101~150     19 001~050      
136(19) 001~050 051~100 101~150 151~200 201~250 251~300 301~350 351~400 401~450 451~500
501~550 551~600 601~650 651~700 701~750 751~800 801~850 851~900 901~950 951~999
138(18) 001~050 051~100 101~150 151~200 201~250 251~300 301~350 351~400 401~450 451~500
501~550 551~600 601~650 651~700 701~750 751~800 801~850 851~900 901~950 951~000
139(39) 001~050 051~100 101~150 151~200 201~250 251~300 301~350 351~400 401~450 451~500
501~550 551~600 601~650 651~700 701~750 751~800 801~850 851~900 901~950 951~999

0. Why I made a page about DGG

   DGG is surely most notable recording company between 1970s and 1980s (though unfortunately its leading position was lost from 1990s mainly by many independent labels like Naxos, Astrée, Brilliant, etc.), but its history is long. Its root is same to EMI and RCA, but its real independent history began in early 1950s, selecting the tulip logo. If you'd like to see more detailed explanations, go to DGG's 'About us' page.
   Anyway, in 1950s and 1960s DGG's issues are very interesting in aspect of both cover design and recording quality. Its introduction of stereo technique was somewhat late but the early issues of them is pleasant to listen because of the good vinyl quality and cover design. In special I love DGG's covers - simple and clean. Therefore, it is never old so far and revived as The Originals series cover. Moreover, DGG's early issues are not so expensive in general compared to ones by HMV, UK Columbia, Decca, and French labels.
   One can know there are many vacant numbers in my lists. I believe the vacancy really existed because I traced the stereo serials more than two years, but cannot have confidence by 100% as I was so only unlucky that I was not able to find them until now. John Edward's 'Deutsche Grammophon Appreciation' site(alas this site is dead as of 2009) is monumental but it is not perfect either. I restrained my page only to DGG label's '5 & 6 number' issues which have 16~19 *** and 136~ , 138~, and 139~ serials, but there is uncertainty yet.

   This is a small tribute to Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft, a very good recording company.

I. Monaural era

1. Front jacket

   The 5-digit LPs (16/17 *** for 10 inch, 18/19 *** for 12 inch) released by DG have several characteristics.
   At the earliest times, the jacket has the next characteristics;

  5 earliest style of 16/18 series   5 earliest style of 17/19 series

   In general in this era, LPs are 'folder-jacketed'.

   At the next era the jackets were changed;

  5 The second style of 16/18 series   5 The second style of 17/19 series

   At the third era, the styles of both the series are same. Labels are GY3 in general.

  5 The third style of 16/18 series   5 The third style of 17/19 series

   At the stereo era, jacket style is same to that of stereo issues. Of course, there is no center 'STEREO' script.

  5 The last style of 16/18 series   5 The last style of 17/19 series

II. Stereo era

1. Logo at front jacket

   Naturally, stereo mark can be found in the jacket ; letter style can be classified as 'Thin STEREO' and 'Bold STEREO', and the former is the earlier one.
   
The first style of the 6-digit LPs stereo issue is similar to those of monaural second one, but 'yellow-white-yellow' colored compared to 'white-yellow-white(W-Y-W)' jacket of monaural issues. Tulip logo and DGG mark began to be in the rim like picture frame, so-called 'DGG catouche'.

5 First catouche & 'Thin STEREO'

   This style can be found in 138 early numbers, but I don't know whether this is true to 136 early issues(perhaps not). This 'Y-W-Y' jacket has STEREO logo at the center, which is written in thin block letter(not boldtype).

   The first issue of the 6-digit LPs (133 ***, 136 ***, 138 ***, 139 ***) released by DG has big wide yellow catouche at the top of front jacket except for box albums. The first big catouche has the next characteristics;

  1. 'Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft' at the upper center
  2. 'record number + ST 33 in two small circles each + SLPEM(136~)/SLPM(138 & 139~)/SLP(133~)' at the upper right
  3. 'Thin STEREO' letter at the lower center.

5 Second catouche with 'Thin STEREO'

   'Thin STEREO' and 'Bold STEREO' are different though not easy to discern. Please compare 'Thin STEREO' to the later 'Bold STEREO'.

   At the next catouche 'Thin STEREO' was changed to 'Bold STEREO'. First 'Bold STEREO' is the yellow 'STEREO' letter backgrounded by red color, so-called 'Red Stereo' mark at the lower center.


5 Third catouche with 'Red stereo'

   I think this 'Red stereo' logo exists until 138 999 SLPM, but 138 999 was released very early(May 1962). In general, 'Red stereo' was used at all the issues till 1965 approximately. After 139 ***, red stereo disappeared even at the first release jacket.
   There are red-backgrouded sticker on the early titles. Examples ;

   This is generally called 'Red Sticker', three kinds of which I have seen so far; small-sized sticker with 'STEREO' by black letter(right image), large-sized sticker with 'STEREO' by white letter(center), and large-sized sticker with 'STEREO COMPATIBLE' by white letter(left). I guess at the earliest titles there was no Red Stereo but only Red Sticker. [ I know several very early issues with bold stereo(but not red stereo) and without red sticker, but cannot have confidence whether this is general or not as they are fairly scarce. ]

   At the fourth catouche logo, 'Red stereo' is displaced with yellow background and black bold letter. 'Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft' is not changed.


5 Fourth catouche ; 'DGG at center'

   At the fifth, 'Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft' is changed to 'Deutsche Grammophon'.


5 Fifth catouche ; 'DG at center'

   At the sixth, SLP(E)M disappears.


5 Sixth catouche

   At the seventh(the last), ST 33 in small circle mark disappears.


5 Seventh catouche

   The sequece above is rule-of-thumb and commonsense in LP lovers. However, DGG at center logos without SLPM or ST 33 Mark exist.

   It seems that many logos existed during the transition period to 7-digits serial issues.
   At 138 780~800 releases, next style 'no ST 33 mark' can be seen.

   The jacket styles are all similar. Example is 138 788(image below) - stereo letter is moved to upper right. This jacket is 'Red stereo'.

Though scarce, several issues have 'hybrids' of stereo at center and no ST 33 mark.

   In the early serials(generally to red stereo era), there are jackets made by thick hard paper(hardcover editions). These have 'Direct Import - Factory sealed' at upper left and written in English in yellow logo, which alludes these maybe for American market(in USA, DGG's licensee was USA Decca and several titles were pressed by RCA). However, it seems to make special prints for direct export by DGG). German jacket issues utilized various fonts on yellow label for performer and works, but this hardcover prints only one. See below;

   Another case of performer name and contents written in English is 'black square' at upper right, righter than SLP(E)M. See below;

   Performers' names are written in English. I guess this for UK, but uncertain.

2. Label

   The label style can be observed at the recent 'The originals' series CD. So-called 'big tulips' or 'tulip rim'. 'No tulip' label is later one.

3 The first label at monaural era has only German at inner perimeter than 'tulip rim'. In 1 and 2 o'clock direction, 'ALLE RECHTE~ ' is seen. 'LP 33 1/3' mark is above the center hole, on white background. In general, this is called 'Alle Rechte~ ', or simply 'GY1(German Yellow 1st)'.
3 The second label has only German at inner perimeter like 'Alle Rechte'. In 1 and 2 o'clock direction, 'ALLE HERSTELLER' is seen. In general, this is called 'Alle~ ' or 'Alle Hersteller~ ', or simply 'GY2(German Yellow 2nd)'. 'M33' is at the rightside of the center hole, in square.
3 The third is 'ALLE HERSTELLER' is also seen, but M33 mark is in triangle. In general, this is called 'Alle~ ' or 'Alle Hersteller~ ', or simply 'GY3(German Yellow 3rd)'. Backgrounded yellow color is brighter than GY1 and GY2.
3 Club edition of the monaural 'ALLE HERSTELLER' is also seen. White mark is NOT sticker but printed on label. In general, this is treated same to 'Alle Hersteller~ ', or simply 'GY4(German Yellow 4th)'.
3 The stereo first label has same 'ALLE HERSTELLER', but . In general, this is called 'Alle~ ' or 'Alle Hersteller~ ', or simply 'GY5(German Yellow 5th)'.
3 Club edition of stereo 'Alle Hersteller~ '. In general, this is called 'Alle Hersteller~ ' or simply 'GY6(German Yellow 6th)'.
3 The first label has both German and English words at inner perimeter than 'tulip rim'. In 1 and 2 o'clock direction, 'MADE IN GERMANY' is seen. In general, this is called 'Made in Germany' or simply 'GY7(German Yellow 7th)'.
3 Scarce label sample. This label has 'Alle Hersteller~ ' in 5 o'clock direction, but 'Made in Germany' in 1~2 directions. This is treated as 'Alle~ ' in general, I guess.
3 The First 'No tulip rim' label, at later pressings same to those of 7-digits numbers(25** *** or 27** ***), or simply 'GY8(German Yellow 8th)'. At 12 o'clock direction, there is 'Alle Urherber~'.
3 Second 'No tulip' label, or simply 'GY9(German Yellow 9th)'. At 12 o'clock direction, there is 'Deutsche Grammophon~ '.
3 Third 'No tulip' label, at 2~3 o'clock direction there is 'Sendung vorbehalten'. Called simply 'GT2'.
3 The last 'No tulip' label in digital recording era.

3. Nota bene

   In stereo era, they say 'Red stereo' is equal to 'Alle Hersteller' and 'DGG at center' to 'Made in Germany' generally. However, to say exactly, logo style change is a bit different than label change.

   Keep in mind that there can be more than one designs in a number. I saw maximum seven designs a number.

   You may think this is only very slight change. So do I. however,

   The left is the first release jacket. Two completely different design in Red Stereo! Anyway, it is sure that DG changed the jacket designs whenever they reissued a number. I guess it depends on reissue time - if it was in red stereo era, new jacket for reissue seemed to have red stereo also. The more popular a issue, the more frequently this can be observed.

   This famous recording's first release jacket is the left one(perhaps released on 1961~62). The later release(right) has both red stereo(Sep. 1964) and DGG at center(perhaps a bit later), and they have Alle hersteller.
   In short, the time sequence of the first stereo releases can be represented by a diagram though time is not exact strictly. Shaded zone at jacket is marked for 'mixed used era' of DGG at center(with or without SLPM and ST 33 Mark) and DG at center.

   In some cases there is black bold stereo between thin stereo and red stereo. And, 'Made in Germany' can be in the 'Red sticker' jacket.
   Of course, exceptions exist. Famous Rostropovich/Karajan's Dvorak Concerto & Tchaikovsky Rococo variations(139 044 SLPM) is more or less strange. DGG at center exists but none witnessed Made in Germany as far as I know.

Go to ; 16~ , 17~ , 18~ , 19~ , 133~ , 136~ , 138~ , and 139~ serials


Sources

  1. Images
  2. Recording data

(c) 2006~, Youngrok LEE ; Link free, but please get my approval before you reuse, copy, or quote this materials.

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Created ; 20th Jun. 2006
Last update ; 24th Jan. 2012

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